The surname Lantana occurs mostly in Africa, where 80 percent of Lantana live; 79 percent live in West Africa and 70 percent live in Atlantic-Niger Africa. While both types of lantana have much in common, the wild lantana (Lantana horrida) has not been found growing natively north of Mexico. flava (Medik.) Lantana camara stalks have been used in the construction of furniture, such as chairs and tables;[42] however, the main uses have historically been medicinal and ornamental. Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants Class "Lantana - Weed of National Significance", "FLORAL COLOR CHANGES AS CUES FOR POLLINATORS", "Lantana and Hagonoy: Poisonous weeds prominent in rangeland and grassland areas", "Forest Invasive Species: Country Report", Post-entry risk assessment of invasive alien flora in Sri Lanka-present status, GAP analysis, and the most troublesome alien invaders, "Effect of weeds Lantana camara and Chromelina odorata growth on the species diversity, regeneration and stem density of tree and shrub layer in BRT sanctuary", "Karnataka gets nature's gift to fight deadly weed - Times of India", "Jamaica's Critically Endangered Butterfly: A Review of the Biology and Conservation Status of the Homerus Swallowtail (Papilio (Pterourus) homerus Fabricius)". [9] The ability of L. camara to rapidly colonise areas of land which have been disturbed has allowed it to proliferate in countries where activities such as logging, clearance for agriculture and forest fires are common. Description. [15] The flower has a tutti frutti smell with a peppery undertone. Common lantana (L. camara), growing to 3 metres (10 feet) tall, is a weed in tropical America, but elsewhere it is much used as a garden plant.It blooms almost continuously with yellow, orange, pink, and white flower heads in various colour combinations. Lantana glandulosissima Hayek; Lantana mexicana Turner; Lantana mixta Medik. Green unripe fruits are inedible to humans and animals alike. The plant will bloom in part sun but for the best flower production full sun is necessary. Gledhill, David (2008). Plant Name. It is typically grown as a dense ground cover. Scientific Name. Type of plant. It was the first weed ever subjected to biological control; however, none of the programs have been successful despite 36 control agents being used across 33 regions. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), 7a, 7b, 8b, 8a, 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b, 11b, 11a, 0.3 in. [44] Extracts from the plant have also been used in Brazil to treat respiratory infections. Lantana Horrida. It was originally introduced as a garden plan and according to Florabase ‘is now considered one of the world’s 10 worst weeds’. Weed * Stem. Alkaloids from lantana have been found to stimulate intestinal movements, lower blood pressure and accelerate deep respiration. About this weed. [3], L. camara has small tubular shaped flowers, which each have four petals and are arranged in clusters in terminal areas stems. Southern Living Plant Collection 2.5 qt. [4], Many butterfly species feed on the nectar of L. camara. The species got this name due to the fact that these lantanas produce a strong pungent smell that can affect people who are sensitive to scents. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lantana_camara&oldid=992226415, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Wide dispersal range made possible by birds and other animals that eat its drupes, Less prone to being eaten by animals due to toxicity, Tolerance of a wide range of environmental conditions, Increase in logging and habitat modification, which has been beneficial to, Production of toxic chemicals which inhibit competing plant species, Extremely high seed production (12,000 seeds from each plant per year), This page was last edited on 4 December 2020, at 04:25. Lantana camara. [6] Instead it grows at the forest edge. Briq. Lantana camara L. Preferred Common Name. Lantana camera is a small, perennial shrub often used as a houseplant, in hanging baskets or in flower gardens as a … LACAF. LACAH. It has escaped gardens throughout the world and is considered to be a noxious weed in many frost-free/tropical … Lantana Horrida refers to a species of flowering plants that belong to the verbena family. orange or red fleshy berry-like drupe turns metallic blue or purple-black. L. camara reduces the productivity in pasture through the formation of dense thickets, which reduce growth of crops as well as make harvesting more difficult. Lantana camara, commonly called lantana or shrub verbena, is native to the Central and South America. Lantana sanguinea Medik. The flowers of L. camara are small and tubular, and arranged in clusters in terminal areas stems. As an ornamental, L. camara is often cultivated indoors, or in a conservatory, but can also thrive in a garden with sufficient shelter. Lantana (Lantana camara) is one of the 20 Weeds of National Significance (WoNS) in Australia. 'Bandara Lemon Zest' form, foliage and flowers. A recent study in India has shown some results around biological control of this plant using tingid bugs.[41]. Lantana montevidensis, commonly called trailing lantana or weeping lantana, is native to tropical areas of South America. Description. Common name. Stems are long and weak, square in cross section, prickly (spiny) with glands on young parts. Scientific Name : Lantana camara Common Name : Lantana Hardiness Degree : 32°F (0.0°C) Blooming Season : Summer Plant Habit : Mounded Characteristics : Attracts Butterflies, Deer Resistant, Drought Tolerant, Attracts Hummingbirds, Scented Foliage, Heat Tolerant Water : Light Fertilize : Once a week Spacing : 12" (30cm) Height : 12-16" (30-41cm) Width : 12-14" (30-36cm) Branches four-sided with recurved prickles. Common name. Lantana camara, Feston Rose, Common Lantana; ... Purple flower of Lantana, montevidensis, verbena, Common Lantana, tropical in Thailand. Lantana, genus of more than 150 shrubs native to tropical America and Africa and belonging to the verbena family (Verbenaceae), order Lamiales. spherical clusters of tubular white, red, pink, or yellow flowers, with five lobes in a flat-topped cluster on a long stalk. Save Comp. Mechanical control of L. camara involves physically removing the plants. Lantana aculeata L. LACAA. Branches four-sided with recurved prickles. Moldenke. It is also relatively fire tolerant and can quickly establish itself in recently burnt areas of forest. Lantana common names Common Names for the Lantana camara complex: The common name conundrum. Physical removal can be effective but is labour-intensive and expensive,[6] therefore removal is usually only appropriate in small areas or at the early stages of an infestation. L. camara can survive in a wide range of climatic conditions, including drought, different soil types, heat, humidity and salt. Family Verbenaceae Scientific Name Lantana camara L. . Lantana moritziana Otto & A.Dietr. [19][20] It is found frequently in east and southern Africa, where it occurs at altitudes below 2000 m, and often invades previously disturbed areas such as logged forests and areas cleared for agriculture. aculeata ; Lantana crocea Jacq. [26], The range of L. camara is still increasing, shown by the fact that it has invaded many islands on which it was not present in 1974, including the Galapagos Islands, Saipan and the Solomon Islands. Lantana camara (common lantana) is a species of flowering plant within the verbena family (Verbenaceae), native to the American tropics. Cambridge University Press. [33][34] The active substances causing toxicity in grazing animals are pentacyclic triterpenoids, which result in liver damage and photosensitivy. Lantana will perennialize in the warm coastal areas of N.C. 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