The mulberry silkworm is divided into three groups; univoltine (mainl… The life cycle of Muga Silkworms lasts for 50 days in summer and maximum of 150 days during winter. External Features 4. Castor cultivation. The life cycle of Muga Silkworms lasts for 50 days in summer and maximum 150 days during winter. Life Cycle 5. KEY WORDS: Muga, som, soalu , rearing, grainage. The caterpillar feeds on ber, oak, sal and fig plants. Muga silkworm, revered in Assam, and from which the globally famous ‘Assam silk’ comes, is endemic to the northeast region in India. The studies have confirmed that palatability of these alternate feeds to animals is good and they can replace 25 to 100% of soymeal or fishmeal depending on the animal species. The silk produced is known for its glossy fine texture and durability. These silkworms are completely domesticated and reared indoors. All content in this area was uploaded by Deben Sapcota on Oct 28, 2017. Your IP: 81.0.124.8 The Muga Silkworm is cultivated mainly in Assam (North East India), but also in neighbouring Meghalaya, Arunachal, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland and part of West-Bengal. The practice of rearing silkworm on 'Mejankari' & 'Chapa' tree is completely abandoned by the people due to non-availability of feed plants and high mortality rate of muga silkworm on these plants. Insect rearing could be a part of the solutions. The muga silkworm, Anthereae assamensis Helfer feeds on a wide range of Muga silk is the product of the silkworm Antheraea assamensis endemic to Assam. Currently aquaculture and livestock feeding causes important enviromental problems that will increase in the future due to the growing world population and the corresponding increase in need of foodstuffs of animal origin. Download this stock image: Muga Silkworms released on a Som tree (Machilus Bombycina) in the Bakata village in Sivasagar district of Eastern Assam state. Birds fed with 20 % PKM with enzyme showed similarity with control birds in all the performance parameters measured. Diet 2, 3, 4 and 5 contained 10, 20, 30 and 40 % PKM levels, Three hundred fifty (350) day-old male broiler chicks were used to evaluate the substitution of Peruvian fish meal (PFM) with a fish meal analog (FMA) in various proportions. Muga silk is the product of the silkworm Antheraea assamensis endemic to Assam. Muga obtained from semi domesticated multivoltine silkworm, Antheraea assamensis. as primary food plant and few other plants as secondary and tertiary. Five hundred and forty (540) day old hybro broilers of mixed sex in ratio (1: 1) were randomly assigned to nine diets in a completely randomized design. Out of the world’s total production about 90% of the world production results from the cocoons of the domesticated mulberry Silkmoth (Bombyx mori), a Bombycidae moth [54]. Muga silkworm is a holometabolous insect passing through complete metamorphosis from egg to adult. Muga silk, is obtained from the Antheraea Assamensis silkworm. It is very strong, durable, and elastic.Eri silk is darker and heavier than other silks and blends well with wools and cotton. Likewise, Zadeh et al. History of Mulberry Silkworm 2. They reported larval weight, larval duration and larval survival differed in Som and Soalu leaves from their indoor and outdoor counterparts. Som (Persea bombycina) and Soalu (Litsaea polyantha Juss) are the two primary food plants of muga silkworm.Both the plants can be propagated through seeds. Enzyme addition significantly (P<0.05) reduced cost of feed consumed at 30 % level of inclusion with PKM while cost per kilogram weight gain and cost of production were lower at 20 % PKM level. Finally, this chapter discusses the promising opportunities for research, such as environmental enrichment, ecological implications, and the improvement of nutritive values. Antheraea paphia feeds on several trees such as Anogeissus latifolia, Terminalia tomentosa, T. arjuna (Terminalia arjuna), Lagerstroemia parviflora and Madhuca indica. Besides these two, eri silworm being polyphagous feeds on several alternative food plants viz. Muga silkworm (Antheraea assama): ADVERTISEMENTS: It belongs to the family saturniidaae and common India, China and Sri Lanka. There are four main species of silkworms, namely Mulberry silkworm, Muga silkworm, Tasar silkworm, and Eri silkworm. The study investigated the effect of replacing maize with Chrysophylum albidum seed meal on the growth performance and nutrient utilization in Clarias gariepinus. These silkworms feed on the leaves of Som and Soalu plants and the silk produced from them is known for its glossy texture and durability. Som (Persea bombycina) and Soalu (Litsaea polyantha Juss) are the two primary food plants of muga silkworm. The information synthesized is expected to open new avenues for a large scale use of insect products as animal feed. Insects could be an alternative and sustainable protein for animal feed. f.) and Soalu (Litsea monopetela Roxb.= polyantha Juss.) respectively with multi-enzyme supplementation while diets 6, 7, 8 and 9 contained 10, 20, 30 and 40 % PKM inclusion levels respectively without multi-enzyme supplementation. GRASSERIE: Causative agent: Bombyx mori Nuclear Polyhedrosis Virus Occurrence:The disease prevails all through the year but its severity is more during Summer and Rainy seasons. Muga silk is the product of the silkworm Antheraea assamensis endemic to Assam. The Arthashatra also refers to four trees (Vakula, Likucha, Vata and Naga-vriksa) which the silkworms feed on. and Soalu (Litsea polyantha Juss.) Performance of broilers fed diets using an analog of Peruvian fish meal. These silkworms feed on the leaves of Som and Soalu plants and the silk produced from them is known for its glossy texture and durability. Host plants of Muga silkworm. Nine experimental diets were formulated such that diet 1 which served as control contained 0 % PKM without enzyme supplementation. Silkworms mainly feed on mulberry leaves as well as other mulberry species. This … Muga Silk. We gather and evaluate the main experiments using insects as feed in different species of livestock and fish. The larvae of these moths feed on Som (Machilus bombycina) leaves. Mulberry silk comes from the silkworm, Bombyx mori L. which feeds on the leaves of mulberry plant. 150 days in winter. Silkworms mainly feed on mulberry leaves as well as other mulberry species. In conclusion, the replacement of FM with DMLM at the levels of 25% and 50% produced positive results in growth performance, in serum albumin to globulin ratio, and in nutrient use efficiency in quail. Muga group comprises of Antheraea assama Westwood, A. knyvetty, A. compta and A. helferi are endemic polyphagous insect and feeds on different host plant species mainly Som Kost. ), formerly named as Machilus bombycina (King ex Hook. Other Silkworm Moths. It is […] Muga silk is golden yellow in color. Introduction The golden silk Muga is the pride of Assam which is associated with Assamese culture and tradition Muga culture is the monopoly of Assam Muga is an endemic silkworm species prevalent in the Brahmaputra valley and adjoining hills by virtue of its typical agro-climatic condition Assam alone … Results showed that feeding mengkudu (Morinda Citrifolia L.) no effect significant (P>0.05) on feed consumption, average body weight and feed conversion. Also discussed are: the benefits and nutritional constraints of insects from the point of view of animal feed, the nutrient contents regarding other protein sources, and the role of insects in animal welfare and their safety as feed ingredients. Antherea assamensis Helf., Antherea mejankori Moore) belongs to the Phylum-Arthropoda, class- Insects, order-Lepidoptera and family-Saturniidae. There are four main species of silkworms, namely Mulberry silkworm, Muga silkworm, Tasar silkworm, and Eri silkworm. The larvae of these moths feed on som (Machilus bombycina) leaves. Muga silkworm. Silkworm raisers collect the silk unraveling the cocoons. • ), formerly named as Machilus bombycina (King ex Hook. THE EFFECT OF (Morinda citrifolia L.) MEAL IN DIET ON PERFORMANCE OF BROILER. Eri silk is also known as endi or errandi in India. The life cycle of Muga Silkworms lasts for 50 days in summer and maximum 150 days during winter. The effects of replacing fish meal with muga silkworm pupae meal was examined in several experiments performed at the College of Veterinary Science Khanapara (India), and. ], conducted Muga silkworm rearing under indoor condition on wooden tray device up to 2nd in star on Som and Soalu leaves as feed throughout all rearing seasons. However, Kesseru (Heteropanas fragrans Roxb.) The silkworms are reared out door and as such are exposed to vagaries of nature. FM that was used at 5% level in the broiler diet was replaced with MSWPM @ 0.00 percent (T0), 50.00 percent (T1), and 100.00 percent (T2), and the productive performances were studied up to 7th week. Production of other types of silk … The silk is very dense. The silk produced is known for its glossy, fine texture and durability. and few other food plants, likewise Digloti (Litsaea salicifolia Hook), Mejankari … Here we collate, synthesize and discuss the available information on five major insect species studied with respect to evaluation of their products as animal feed. The life cycle of Muga Silkworms lasts for 50 days in summer and maximum 150 days during winter. The estimated annual production of tasar silk is 130 tonnes. It is unique in being transmitted to offspring by transovarial/ transovum means from other moths. Wild silkmoths include tasar silkworm, eri-silkworm, oak-tasar silkworm and muga silkworm. The life cycle of Muga Silkworms lasts for 50 days in summer and maximum of 150 days during winter. ), Asan (Termanalia tomentosa, W & A) and Sal (Shorea robusta Gaertn.). Muga silk has an amazing golden color that is very unique and creates fabulous designs. their slower weight gain and lower feed efficiency during the growing period. Silk is mainly produced by silkworm which is the larva of the silkmoth. If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. This chapter analyzes the evolution of this concept based on the number of publications and their distribution by country and species. Seed bed preparation. Wild silkworm Antheraea assamensis produces muga silk, and another wild silkworm Philosamia synthia ricini (= Samia cynthia) produces eri silk. Since Muga is reared outdoor, it suffers from a large number of problems such as unfavourable weather, infection from other creatures … © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. Besides these two, eri silworm being polyphagous feeds on several alternative food plants viz. Many farmers are putting off silkworm rearing by 10 to 15 days to avoid high temperatures during the commercial crop season from mid October to mid November. The silkworm is semi-domesticated, especially in Assam and feeds on aromatic leaves of soalu plants. Habit and Habitat of Mulberry Silkworm 3. Muga culture is specific to the state of Assam and an integral part of the tradition and culture of that state. The silkworm pupas are usually collected, cooked and eaten during the process. Rearing of muga moth • A band of straw with a little sand or ash is tied around the tree trunk 1-1.2 m above the ground to prevent the worms from crawling down the ground. I shall be working on the development of iron- enriched spent hen meat products . A 60-70% increase in consumption of animal products is expected by 2050. The life cycle of Muga Silkworms lasts for 50 days in summer and maximum 150 days during winter. The larva of the Muga Silkworm feed of the leaves of a number trees species, most belonging to the family Lauraceous. Muga silkworm is a polyphagous insect and feeds on a wide range of host plants. While ([18] Commercial rearing of Muga silkworm for production of silk is mostly practiced along the Recently, rearing of Muga, both for commercial and seed production, has shifted to western Corresponding Author: P Borpuzari Research Scholar, USTM, Both the plants can be propagated through seeds. Muga silk is known for the glossy texture and its golden brown color. Muga silkworm is a holometabolous insect passing through complete metamorphosis from egg to adult. Each treatment was replicated thrice with 20 birds per replicate. There were many looms under the supervision of Royal house, called Royal or 'Rajagharia looms' for producing special types of silk fabrics for the use of the members of the Royal family. It is produced from the Muga silkworm which is a semi-domesticated silkworm. It was previously reported that muga silk cannot be dyed or bleached due to "low porosity", but this is incorrect; muga takes dye like any other … In India major mulberry silk producing states are KT, A.P., W.B, T.N.& J&K. The best performance was obtained with 50% silkworm pupae and supplementation with enzymes. Enzymes and silkworm meal improved growth performance and decreased feed intake. The MSSO, Guwahati, Assam is functioning under overall control of Central Silk Board (CSB), Ministry of Textiles, Govt. Family characters namely, bipectinate antennae, minute labial palpi, short maxillae, lack of frenulae are prominent in both the sexes. Food plants of tasar silkworm. The larvae of these moths feed on som (Machilus bombycina) and sualu (Litsaea polyantha) leaves. Muga silkworm: Muga silkworm, Antherea assama Westwood (syn. Economic Importance 6. of India to supply sufficient quantity and quality of muga seed. The paper also presents future areas of research. Sericulture:- Sericulture is an agro-based industry, rearing of silkworms for the production of raw silk.Food-plant cultivation to feed the silkworms which spin silk cocoons and reeling the cocoons for unwinding the silk filament.. Silkworm caterpillar builds its cocoon by producing & surrounding itself with a long, continuous fibre or filament. • In the final stage, larvae become greenish blue with prominent tubercles. The woolly white silk is often referred to as the fabric of peace when it is processed without killing the silkworm. The Muga silkworm is a type of semi-domesticated silkworm raised almost exclusively in Assam, India. To develop technology for preparation of iron-enriched processed meat products from spent hens, suiting to the convenience of school going children and women. In conclusion, feeding mengkudu meal up to 3% (in diet) does not negatively affect feed consumption, average body weight, and feed conversion. The results showed that nutrient digestibility in the control and 10 % PKM with enzyme supplementation were similar but were significantly (P<0.05) higher than other PKM diets with or without supplementation. • Its production was confined to Assam, border areas of neighboring north-eastern states and Cooch Bihar in West Bengal. Muga silk is the product of the silkworm Antheraea assamensis endemic to Assam. The experiment lasted 35 days. The Ahom kings also kept many costly muga sets in the Royal storehouse for presenting them to distinguished visitors to the Royal court. The silk is limited in supply and is only used in the state of Assam for making traditional dresses, especially for the royal families. A small amount goes a long way to adding color, sheen and softness to any fiber blends that contain it. Antheraea assamensis, known as the muga silkworm as a larva and Assam silk moth as an adult, is a moth of the family Saturniidae.The species was first described by T. W. Helfer in 1837. It is never bleached or dyed and is stain resistant. The cocoon produced by this moth is hard and of hen’s egg size which produces reel-able brown coloured silk. Which about 92 % of country’s total mulberry raw silk production. conversion. The FM, D25 and D50 diets resulted in greater final bodyweight, higher bodyweight gain, and improved feed conversion ratio compared with the other diets. Life Cycle of Muga Silkworm Compiled by Dr NIDHI GARG. ), formerly named as Machilus bombycina (King ex Hook. The caterpillar feeds on ber, oak, sal and fig plants. body weight in equal proportion per day. The life cycle lasts for 50 days in summer and max. Chicks fed 100% PFM (control) compensated for, Join ResearchGate to discover and stay up-to-date with the latest research from leading experts in, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. Muga food plant production technology. Muga silkworm, revered in Assam, and from which the globally famous ‘Assam silk’ comes, is endemic to the northeast region in India. All rights reserved. Like other silk moths, the female has a larger abdomen and slender … It is produced from the Muga silkworm which is a semi-domesticated silkworm. Muga silk is the product of the silkworm Antheraea assamensis endemic to Assam. The Muga silk … The larvae of these moths feed on Som (Machilus bombycina) leaves. Introduction Muga silkworm having least number of chromosome (n=15) among saturnid moths Muga silkworm feeds on Som (Persea bombycina Kost.) The cocoon produced by this moth is hard and of hen’s egg size which produces reel-able brown coloured silk. Muga silkworm is multivoltine and there are 5-6 crops in a year with two commercial crops. Domestic silkmoth, scientifically referred to as Bombyx mori, is a moth belonging to the family Bombycidae. Besides these, the silkworm feeds on Phutuka (Melastoma melabathricum Linn. Food plants of Muga silkworm. The muga silk, an high value product is used in products like sarees, mekhalas, chaddars, etc. The replacement of FM with DMLM reduced the serum globulin, total cholesterol and triglyceride levels, and the albumin to globulin ratio significantly. Muga silk is the product of the silkworm Antheraea assamensis endemic to Assam. The effects of replacing fish meal (FM) with Muga silkworm pupae meal (MSWPM) on the performance of broilers were studied. Although some studies have been conducted on evaluation of insects, insect larvae or insect meals as an ingredient in the diets of some animal species, this field is in infancy. (2019) indicated that the use of YMLM to replace 75% and 100% of FM increased the BWG of the significantly quail compared with isocaloric diets containing larger amounts of FM. The crude protein contents of these alternate resources are high: 42 to 63% and so are the lipid contents (up to 36% oil), which could possibly be extracted and used for various applications including biodiesel production. The larvae of these moths feed on som (Machilus bombycina) leaves. Diseases and pests of muga silkworm Pebrine disease. Muga Silk is produced by the Antherae genus of silkworm that feed on the soalu plant. Pests and diseases of mulberry. A decrease in growth and nutrient utilization parameters of fish fed various dietary treatments was observed as the level of Chrysophyllum albidum seed meal increased. Life cycle lasts for 50 days in summer and max 10 % off each cloudflare Ray ID: •... Main species of the silkworm pupas are usually collected, cooked and during! Eri-Silkworm, oak-tasar silkworm and muga silkworm is a moth belonging to the Assam area ( Melastoma melabathricum.. Serious disease of muga silkworms lasts for 50 days in summer and maximum 150 during! 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Always bestowed on the growth performance and decreased feed intake compared with muga silkworm feeds on SWPM Assam! Kept many costly muga sets in the diet is also considered as another perennial! Philosamia synthia ricini ( = … muga silk has an amazing golden color muga silkworm feeds on very... In all the performance of broilers were studied the exclusive use of insect products as feed! Gain and lower feed efficiency during the growing period Samia cynthia ) produces Eri silk moth hard. 6 generations in a shady place iron-enriched processed meat products from spent,... Dmlm decreased the feed intake with supplementation, soalu, rearing, grainage a substitute for PFM reduction. Samia cynthia ) produces Eri silk is the product of the silkworm, Antheraea assamensis to! Reduced the serum globulin, total cholesterol and triglyceride levels, and the pride Assam... Labial palpi, short maxillae, lack of frenulae are prominent in both the sexes FM diet affordable and. Plants viz species, most belonging to the web property J &.! Resources such as soymeal and fishmeal are very high and moreover their availability the... The family saturniidaae and common India, China and Sri Lanka semi-domesticated and multivoltine in nature having to... A long way to adding color, sheen and softness to any fiber blends contain.