To search for advisors in your area, check out the Association of Independent Crop Consultants. Medicago sativa or alfalfa or lucerne a perennial flowering plant in the legume family fabaceae Amazing queensland hemp or paddy`s lucerne with yellow green leaves. There was once a soil pit dug on a farm in Berkshire going down twenty feet. David Cross, farms a dry mixed farm in North Norfolk and started the trial as he was looking for ways to provide reliable forage during the summer. Note: Read label and obey conditions and restrictions. Once established, the root structure is vast and deep. The choice of agrochemicals to control pests and diseases in lucerne is limited and unless tramlines are used, there are few opportunities to enter the actively growing crop. Lucerne’s extensive root system enables the crop to produce good yields even under relatively dry … Low N, P and K can encourage certain undesirable plants. It is a good compliment to maize and is leafy and low in fibre, breaking down rapidly into small pieces in the rumen. A well fermented lucerne/grass silage has a dry matter of 30%, a crude protein of 20%, a D-value of 60 and an ME of 9.7MJ. Lucerne requires no N once established, but it can be beneficial to apply 25kg N/ha to an autumn sowing to promote rapid plant development. Destroy any patches that develop with total herbicides and burning, © Agriculture and Horticulture Development Board 2020 | All Rights Reserved, Agriculture and Horticulture Development Board, Stoneleigh Park, Kenilworth, Warwickshire, CV8 2TL, Association of Independent Crop Consultants, https://secure.pesticides.gov.uk/offlabels/OffLabelList.as. How to Establish LucerneLucerne is slower to establish than ryegrass. Where to Grow It Successfully Lucerne is suited to naturally alkaline and free-draining soils. Others prefer to sow in the summer following an early-harvested cereal such as winter barley. Alfalfa (or lucerne as it is often called in the UK) is part of the legume family of plants making it a cousin of clover, peas and beans and, depending on how much there is in a food, it can be good or bad. Due to its high water use and deep roots (>two metres on suitable soils) it is able to address rising watertables and associated salinity. After cutting, the crop needs wilting so that it contains less than 70% moisture when made into baled silage. So this is a legume which can provide reliable high yields irrespective of drought. Cut three times a year, lucerne produces a protein-rich 14t DM per hectare without nitrogen fertiliser and on dry land. Find the perfect Lucerne Plant stock illustrations from Getty Images. Although lucerne requires no nitrogen once established conventional farmers might find it be beneficial to apply 25kgN per hectare when sown in the autumn as this will promote quicker plant development. Mulching with Lucerne Hay Why Lucerne?Most forage legumes are best grown in mixtures with grasses as this increases yield. Always consult a BASIS-qualified adviser on the use of agrochemicals to control weeds, pests or diseases. H3 - Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK (-5 to 1) H4 - Hardy through most of the UK (-10 to -5) H5 - Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters (-15 to -10) H6 - Hardy in all of UK and northern Europe (-20 to -15) H7 - Hardy in the severest European continental climates ( -20) P and K should be kept at Adas index 2 to maintain yields. Lucerne is more sensitive to pH and to a shortage of phosphate than grasses. Growing Lucerne need not be a headache if some simple growing rules are applied, a leading UK academic has said. Established crops. Later in maturity, leaflets are elongated. 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