such as maize, beans and alfalfa. Though most new traits are touted for their improved forage quality, forage yield remains the key factor to a profitable alfalfa enterprise. Scout fields regularly to identify diseases and apply appropriate fungicide. or meat production per acre of any forage.Alfalfa is cost competitive with corn silage on a dry mat-ter basis.Check any farm management records program and see that alfalfa has been the most profitable crop when compared to other com- modity crops over a number of years, especially in the absence of subsidy payments. $0.0777 $0.3330. With 20% Storage Loss (as fed) $0.0851 $0.2875. A seeding rate of 12 to 15 pounds per acre will provide 23 plants per square foot during the first production year, assuming best management strategies were observed. encouraged to calculate your own costs of production for your alfalfa hay crops. The average yield of 1.80 tons per acre is 0.10 ton per acre above last year. to 15 tons dry material per acre have been achieved. Effect of autotoxicity on alfalfa stands when alfalfa is seeded (a) immediately following alfalfa plowdown, (b) 4 weeks later, and (c) after 1 year. Yields vary with region, weather, and the crop's stage of maturity when cut. For example, a farmer who applies an alfalfa N credit of 120 lb N/ac (medium-fine soil texture and 30-69% stand at termination) could save $48/ac (fertilizer priced at $0.40/lb N). Cost savings were calculated for the different alfalfa N credits listed in Table 1 (from 40 to 150 lb N/ac) and fertilizer N prices (from $0.20 to $0.60 per pound of N). b c a 0 weeks 2 weeks 4 weeks fall-killed after corn number of plants/ft 2 0 10 20 30 40 50 0 weeks 2 weeks 4 weeks fall-killed after corn yield (% of check variety) 0 20 40 60 80 100 plowed no-till Alfalfa yield in spring following destruction of previ-ous alfalfa stand with herbicides after first harvest and . Well decomposed farm yard manure at 200-250 maunds per acre is recommended to be incorporated in the soil before land preparation. Later cuttings improve yield, but with reduced nutritional content. This is a tropical grass which requires moisture, and Pakistan weather is perfect for it. Pacific Northwest (PNW): Typically harvested four times per year. 10/09/20 Crop Production (October 2020) 09/30/20 Small Grains and Stocks (September 2020) 09/24/20 Hogs and Pigs (September 2020) 09 ... Alfalfa Hay: Yield per Harvested Acre by County ~ Providing Timely, Accurate and Useful Statistics in Service to U.S. Agriculture ~ NASS Home | USDA.gov | Data.gov | USA.gov | WhiteHouse.gov | Economics, Statistics and Market Information … Alfalfa can grow year-round, and yield over 14 tons/acre of high quality forage, the basis for milk production-such as this drip irrigated field in Imperial Valley, CA. We are one of the leading animal feed companies in Pakistan. You can apply a small amount of N when alfalfa is seeded with a nurse or companion crop. Value of Standing Hay ($ per pound) 3 $0.0238 $0.0257. By Dan Undersander The author is an extension forage agronomist, University of Wisconsin, Madison. Disease Control. This is especially true when soils are sandy. N per acre may enhance establishment when alfalfa is seeded in a coarse-textured soil. Subsurface drip irrigation is a management tool that allows precise control over the root zone environment of your alfalfa . We are also trying to increase Rhodes grass yield per acre in Pakistan with different methods. All other hay production totaled 1.30 million tons from 720,000 acres harvested, up 106,000 tons from 2016. per acre. Now, you can get all information about the export of Rhodes straw at Saremco international. LAND PREPARATION Potato is propagated vegetatively. Farm num-ber, harvested alfalfa acres, and total alfalfa production were provided for all alfalfa, irrigated alfalfa, and nonir-rigated alfalfa, each reported in dry hay equivalent (13% moisture content). On average, the FD 5.0 cultivar produced 9 percent more biomass dry matter than the FD 2.1, and increasing harvest intervals increased alfalfa dry matter yield (Figure 3). We are providing best 40 feet container price in Pakistan. Average yearly yields are around 8 tons/acre. Alfalfa total season-long yields were impacted by cultivar and harvest intervals. First, from the studies, it seems reasonable to plan on the yield increase of alfalfa near harvest being about 100 lbs per acre per day if growing conditions are ‘average.’ This was the average yield change across cuttings, exclusive of late fall and in all three states. Total yields are typically around 8 tonnes per hectare (3 1 ⁄ 2 short tons per acre) in temperate environments, but yields have been recorded up to 20 tonnes per hectare (9 short tons per acre). Mountain West: Typically harvested three times per year. These yields are the same or better than surface irrigation methods. Field is given a soaking irrigation nearly two weeks before sowing to provide seed tubers with ample moisture for germination. Alfalfa nurse crop seeding rates. $273 to $396 per acre due to variety, or an increase of at least $46 mil-lion for the industry in 2019 alone. Total variable costs for an established stand of alfalfa produced for cash sale as hay in 2013 is approximately $450 per acre assuming nutrient removal rates and estimated spring fertilizer prices. Alfalfa hay production is estimated at 2.81 million tons from 720,000 acres harvested, up 428,000 tons from 2016. 1. A modest 1/4 ton (dry matter) per acre yield advantage equates in value to 13 to 17 bushels per acre of corn. Improve alfalfa yields by 1/2 ton per acre. Pollination of an entire field of alfalfa may require 40,000 to 60,000 leafcutter bees per acre. An average CA alfalfa field can produce a potential milk yield of 2400 gallons/a/year. Fifth crop data was collected and included in years when a fifth cutting was available. Seed alfalfa no deeper than ½ inch into a firm, fine seedbed. In the photo, the damage to alfalfa’s regrowth from tire traffic is clearly visible. Returns. Communications in Soil Science & Plant Analysis 35, 39-50. 7. This report, which is a collaborative effort of New Mexico State Uni- versity scientists at agricultural sci ence centers throughout the state, pro-vides yield data for alfalfa varieties included in yield trials in New Mexico. Economic Considerations Initial investments include land preparation, purchase of seed, and stand establishment. The irrigated alfalfa category included COSTS PER ACRE TO PRODUCE ALFALFA.....11 Table 4. Average yield for the 2017 crop is 3.90 tons per acre, 0.40 ton per acre above last year. Total Costs 2.575 2.842. The following chart illustrates the observed range of alfalfa DM yield in tons per acre over the life of the WAYP project. 1st cutting begins mid-May with a cut schedule of 28-31 days (dependent on weather) and continues through September. Alfalfa stand counts will be taken this fall and again in spring, along with alfalfa yield checks. Sallee, W.R., Ulrich, A., Martin, W.E., Krantz, B.A., 1959. baling is approximately 12 hours per acre. Studies suggest 10 pounds of pure live seed per acre is adequate with a good seedbed and seeding equipment. Destruction date Tilled No-Till . Seed alfalfa between 0.5 lb/acre and 1 lb/acre in 24 inch to 36 inch rows. Participating farms provided data for the life of the stand beginning with the first full production year following new seeding. SDI can be managed to reduce water usage and runoff by closely matching crop requirements with irrigation application rates. Annual yields in the region typically range from 4 to 8 tons per acre. If you want to place an order that option will also be available on our website. Bee emergence from a cocoon is encouraged with temperature manipulation and synchronized with the beginning of alfalfa flower emergence. The nurse crop forage yield is an important part of the project, but secondary to the nurse crop impact on alfalfa stand establishment. Orloff says the standard recommendation for California is 15-20 pounds of seed/acre for drill seeding and 20-25 pounds/acre for broadcast seeding. Alfalfa Crimson Clover 250 100 125 30-50 Hairy Vetch Winter Peas Arrowleaf Clover Austrian Winter Pea Ball Clover Berseem Clover Red Clover Sub Clover White Clover Lespedeza 150 80 100 195 90 105 110 105 130 150 50-70 30-50 30-50 70-90 30-50 30-50 30-50 50-70 50-70 50-75 Note: Potential nitrogen production will only be obtained when clover is in full bloom. Harvest/Yields. Flax or cereal crops are recommended as cover crops. It can be seeded alone or with a cover crop. Alfalfa can produce from two to six tons per acre (ton/ac) of dry matter, depending on soil nutrients levels and environmental conditions such as stored soil moisture and precipitation. A comparison of liquid phosphoric acid and dry phosphorus fertilizer sources for irrigated alfalfa production on calcareous soils. $0.0971 $0.4162. This level of yield disparity is virtually indiscernible to the naked eye but amounts to a huge value when factored over multiple acres and years. TDN (61.5%) Crude Protein (18.2%) TDN (60%) Crude Protein (14%) Without Storage Loss $0.0681 $0.2300. On average, alfalfa yields are reduced 6 percent in subsequent cuttings for every day harvest is delayed past cutting. alfalfa yield in increments of 1.5 tons/acre up to 9 tons/ acre, and in 3 ton/acre increments thereafter. Nineteen different nurse crop treatments are being tested, including “no nurse crop.” Table 1. When oat (Avena sativa L.) is used as a companion crop, the typical seeding rate is 50 to 75 kg ha⁻¹. Breakeven Yield (tons per acre) Operating Costs 1.519 1.521. Three cuttings are normally made in the Scott Valley, but occasionally four cuttings are made. In the University of Minnesota Alfalfa Variety Trials, we seed at 13 pounds per acre, which achieves the needed 23 to 25 plants per square foot in the first production year, maximizing yield. You can quickly increase Rhodes grass yield per acre in Pakistan with little care. On each farm, costs and yields differ due to soil type, climate and agronomic practices. Small amounts of N fertilizer supplying about 25 lb. Table 1 gives the approximate amounts of each nutrient removed per ton of dry matter alfalfa. Nurse crop. crop. subsequent August reseeding. 10% of growers harvest 1.5 to 2.7 times as much irrigated alfalfa dry hay per acre as producers in the middle of the pack, equivalent to a net profit of $285 to $690/acre. COSTS AND RETURNS PER ACRE TO PRODUCE ALFALFA ... alfalfa crop is assumed to yield 6.0 tons of hay per acre over three cuttings per year. Once an appropriate seeds per square foot seeding rate is selected, the calculator gives you the setting you need on your planter to hit this target seeding rate with the seed you have purchased. Based on the current … Even if seed yields are low (100 pounds per acre), farmers may make more money from seed than with two poor hay crops. For seeding rates, California Central Valley alfalfa hay growers utilize a 10-40 pound/acre rate. The suggested N rate for this nurse or companion crop situation is 30 lb. This crop can be used as a supplement to … Culturing bees requires a high level of expertise and experience. Alfalfa can be susceptible to leaf and stem diseases. Alfalfa seed yields generally average from 150-200 pounds per acre statewide; however, individual yields of 500-1100 pounds per acre have been reported. Rhodes grass export from Pakistan is also becoming Popular. 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