Once the seeds sprout, thin the seedlings to 18-24 inches apart. Growing okra in containers and seedling trays gives you a head start if the soil is cooler than 60 degrees Fahrenheit. Should I start new seeds? Once you have the okra seedlings arranged how you like it is time to transplant them. We recommend starting transplants 4-5 weeks before the desired outdoor planting date. Plant in rows at least 12 to 18 inches apart. Its only 8 inches high . I then take an okra seedling and place one in each hole to represent where they’ll be planted. By transplanting, you can have plants in the ground before the soil temperature warms enough to direct seed. Wrap 3-inch wide strips of newspaper around the lower part of the stem, just above the roots to prevent cutworms from chewing through the tender stems. Timing the planting of the seedlings is crucial to the development of your crop; okra is best suited to U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 6 through 11. Growing. Okra transplants grow great in our heavy-duty seed starting trays , where they develop a solid root ball with roots that are trained to grow downward. How do you plant okra in your vegetable garden? How to Plant Okra If you are planting okra transplants, be sure to space them 1 to 2 feet apart to give them ample room to grow. When the okra is about 3 inches long, harvest the first round by snipping the pod from the stem with sterilized pruning shears and prepare for another harvest as the summer progresses. In early spring, we recommend transplanting to get a jump start on the growing season. You now have the okra seedling in a neat little peat pot. or is it? Sow the okra seeds ½ inch deep in light soil and 1 inch deep in heavy soil. What is it meant by “leggy” seedlings? Transplant seedlings on a calm, cloudy day, if possible. Okra prefers a soil pH range of 6.0 to 6.8. Plant okra seeds about ½ to 1 inch deep and 12 to 18 inches apart in a row. The roots are still delicate, and you should transplant the plant as quickly as possible to establish them in the ground. Plant the Seeds It is best to plant okra after daytime temps hit 85 degrees and nighttime temps reach the low 60s. A career in television writing, as a magazine editor and celebrity interviewer, Jann adapts to her environment, having traveled the world, living overseas and packing and unpacking her treasures for a new location over 30 times. However those living in cooler climates may find that growing okra indoors and transplanting the seedlings helps them shorten the time they have to wait to harvest their okra. The first harvest should be ready in about 2 months, depending on the weather, the watering conditions and the health of the plant. Mine are leggy too. When the climatic conditions are warm, it is time for the plantation of okra in your garden. As okra plants have a taproot which will not allow for easy transplanting, it is best to germinate seeds directly in the ground, or to use peat pods, which can be transplanted into the ground with the seedlings. Okra is rich in vitamin A, and the low-calorie vegetable produces beautiful flowers during the growing season that enhance the look of your garden. A versatile writer, Jann enjoys research as well as doing the actual writing. Wrap a strip of newspaper around the base of the seedling to prevent cutworms from chewing the stems, and be sure at least 1 inch of newspaper is below ground. Plant the seeds 1 inch deep every 4 to 6 inches in a row. Once the seed tray cell has been cut on both sides, the cell can easily be removed. How deep to plant okra When you plant okra seeds, plant three seeds per pot or area. Manage Consent, Tweets that mention How To Transplant Okra Seedlings : Veggie Gardener -- Topsy.com. In regions with short growing seasons, the seeds may be started indoors, three to … Adding phosphorus to the planting holes is a great way to help reduce transplant shock, and help the seedlings to develop stronger roots. Hi Mindy – if they are getting leggy then you probably need a better light source. Okra needs warm temperatures, full sun, and can tolerate dry conditions. Preparing The Okra Seedling For Transplanting Into The Vegetable Garden. Soak the okra seeds overnight or for several hours prior to planting to speed up germination. Gently remove them from the pot, separate the seedlings, and set them about 10 inches apart. Okra needs full sun. © 2017 Carbon Media Group Agriculture Tall? 2). Cowhorn Okra may be direct-seeded or transplanted. Transplant okra to the garden after seedlings are at least 4 to 6 inches (10-15 cm) tall. Water the soil carefully to avoid displacing the seeds. Once all the okra seedlings have been removed from the seed tray, I like to lay the seedlings out where they will be planted. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. I recommend using a grow light bulb and keep it at least 3inches from the top of the seedlings. This is sometimes the best method for transplanting okra seedlings to avoid disturbing the roots. It is best to plant okra with the soil level of the seedling the same height as the soil level of the garden. Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) is a warm-weather vegetable, and it can be planted either indoors or directly into the garden, depending on your desired harvesting dates. Seed. The Effects of Coffee Grounds on the Okra Plant, Good Housekeeping: How to Grow Okra in Your Veggie Garden This Year, University of Georgia Extension: Commercial Okra Production, The National Gardening Association: Starting Eggplant, Pepper and Okra Seeds Indoors, Directions for How to Plant Cascadia Sugar Snap Peas. Don’t put them in harsh sun, rather, gentle light. The first thing I want to do with the okra seedling is to remove the very top of the peat pot. This means that the okra is in the form … Thoroughly water your seedlings an hour before you plant them. Can okra seedlings be planted a bit deeper like you can do with tomatos? By transplanting, you can have plants in the ground before the soil temperature warms enough to direct seed. To grow seedlings, plant two seeds each in multiple peat moss pots filled with vegetable potting soil. This could hamper the okra growth or even kill the okra plant. Okra prefers warmer temperatures for seed to germinate. Before sowing the seeds it is advised to soak okra seeds in room-temperature water for about 24 hours in order to soften the seed coat and this speed ups the sprouting time. Tomatoes are really the only vegetable that can be planted deeper. Okra is not very difficult to grow in the home vegetable garden. Good Housekeeping recommends soaking the seeds overnight to soften the shells and allow them to open to release the seedling. I wonder why? Place your okra seeds into the freezer and allow them to cool overnight. Lastly, okra and corn can they be planted in the same bed? Planting the Seeds. Okra has a long taproot that can be injured during transplanting. How to Transplant Okra History of Okra. Drying okra seeds is a great way to save money while growing your crop from scratch. I take my hand or a garden trowel and dig small holes about 18 inches apart in the rows. Always look for the stronger plants when thinning. You can do one of two things at this point in the transplanting – you can plant the okra seedling with the entire peat pot, you can remove the very bottom of the peat pot, or you can remove the entire peat pot altogether. Plant on the east side of the okra so the melons benefit from morning, or on the west side for afternoon sun. The plants will take 50 to 60 days to produce seed pods that can be harvested. Soak the soil around new seedlings immediately after transplanting in order to settle the roots. Soaking your okra seeds in tepid water overnight before sowing them will speed up germination. Repeat this same process until all the okra seedlings are transplanted into the vegetable garden. The peat pot tray is easy to work with and makes it very easy to remove the seedlings. Once the soil temperature reaches 65-70F, you can transplant your okra seedlings outdoors. Okra should be planted about 18 to 24 inches apart in rows (if you are using rows) that are about two to three feet apart. This will help to break the seed coat. After cutting them off the stalk, place them in the refrigerator. Here is how I transplant okra seedling into the vegetable garden. Place the okra seedling in the hole you previously dug. Add aged compost to planting beds in advance of transplanting. Varieties of okra for high heat and low humidity areas (such as the low desert of Arizona) include Becks, Emerald Green… Peat pots are ideal for planting okra seeds; the plants can easily be removed for transplanting without harming the roots. Okra planting is done manually or by the use of seed planters. Because okra germinates and grows best when planted in soil that has warmed above 80 degrees F, northern gardeners often start seeds in flats and transplant seedlings when the weather heats up. Thin seedlings to 18 to 24 inches apart, always choosing the strongest of the young plants. I was thinking about doing this b/c they both grow tall. Pick the pods at least every other day because they all don’t mature at once. We appreciate your very detailed recommendations pertaining to transplanting seedlings. As American tastes evolve to include an appreciation of regional fare, growing okra for profit is an avenue to explore as soup companies and frozen food packagers expand to fulfill requests for the vegetable, according to the University of Georgia Extension. If you start okra seeds in a seed tray, there are a few things you should know while transplanting them in the vegetable garden. The pod should be firm. My seedings are about 6 inches tall now, and the first true leaves are growing. This helps the soil hold together, reducing the amount of root disturbance and making them easier to handle. In warmer regions of the country, seeds are often direct-sown. If the weather has been dry, water the planting … To make them germinate faster, soak the seeds in a glass of water overnight. For a good fall crop, plant at least 3 months before the first fall frost. The strong fragrance of basil repels a number of pests that like okra, including flea beetles, stinkbugs, spider mites, aphids and whiteflies. Every year I end up with some very leggy okra seedlings started indoors. Plant on a cloudy day. Okra seedlings have fragile taproots that you need to be careful not to damage. Any part of a peat pot that sits above ground after the seedling is transplanted can wick water away from the roots. Kit_Leong Getty Images. Plant the seeds ½ inch into the peat pot and gently tamp the soil over the planted seeds. Take out the seeds from the water just before planting, and place them on a paper towel. If you are planting okra in a raised bed, the okra plants should be about 12 to 18 inches apart, and the raised bed needs to be at least 12 inches deep. Due to its taproot, okra doesn’t transplant well that’s why you’ll have to directly plant the seeds in the container or a biodegradable pot. Late afternoon is a good time because plants can recover from the shock of transplanting without sitting in the midday heat and sun. Planting basil near your okra is also beneficial. Ensure proper planting and spacing of the okra plants. Okra usually is grown from seed, and there is a good reason for that. It doesn't have to be traumatic to you or your plants, however, if you've thoroughly prepared the soil, and hardened off the plants well, and if you keep these few basic principles in mind. Late afternoon or evening is best. Brought to the United States by the slaves of Western Africa in the 17th century, the Creoles of Louisiana use okra as a thickener in their stews, such as gumbo, according to Food Reference. Many okra varieties can get very tall – sometimes reaching seven feet or more in height. Many of the best and most unusual varieties of vegetables are simply not available in your local nursery and your only option is growing these plants from seeds. My raised bed isnt high enough for them. Prepare the soil, with a hole and a soil-less medium at the base of the hole. Space the rows at least 3 feet apart. Okra grows a long taproot that needs sufficient depth in order to grow. Hi John – No. Your email address will not be published. Transplanting is a major step that can make or break your crop. I decided to transplant the okra seedling with the peat pot intact. Okra seeds can be started indoors in seed trays four to six weeks before the last frost date of your area. If they begin to get very leggy to the point of falling over then you will probably need to start new seeds. It will eventually decompose if left in the hole. Start okra seeds indoors in peat pots 3-4 weeks before the last frost date in spring. Make sure to space each seed at least 3 inches apart, and the rows should be 3 feet apart. 1). We are about to plant our second set of okra plants. If you decide to remove the bottom of the peat pots or the entire pot be extra careful to avoid disturbing or tearing the roots. Phosphorus is essential for root development. Keep the pots in full sunlight during this time. This means moving the peat pots outdoors to acclimate to the weather slowly. For the best yields, plant okra in the spring 2 to 3 weeks after all danger of frost has passed. Set plants 24 inches (60 cm) apart in rows at least 24 inches apart. Okra seeds are often started in peat or fiber pots because the roots are brittle and don't like to be disturbed. The okra seedling can be transplanted with the entire peat pot (except the top portion you removed earlier) because the peat pot is entirely biodegradable. Raising plants from seeds can be a rewarding and exciting way to add new varieties to your garden. Cover the seeds … The soil level of the peat pot should be level with the soil level of the row (or raised bed). An African native, okra was cultivated by ancient Egyptians in the 12th century B.C., and it spread... Okra Growing Stages. The seeds have to be sown at a distance of at least 4 inches from each other and a depth of 0.5 inches. The preferred method of planting okra is by sowing the seeds directly in the vegetable garden. Growing okra is possible year round if you live in USDA Zones 9-11 or any other subtropical or tropical region on our earth. After this is completed be sure to give all the seedlings a thorough drink of water or compost tea. 5. A word of caution: Wear gardening gloves when harvesting; okra has little prickly shoots that can irritate the skin. Before transplanting, tear off the top part of the pot that extends above the soil. You can transplant the seedlings without removing them from their pots to reduce root disturbance. Although okra grows with minimal irrigation, watering every week will produce more okra seed pods. Water the plants about an hour before transplanting, so the roots will bind and be protected. This first growth stages of an okra is the seed phase. Sometimes it can be difficult to remove the seedlings in the plastic trays without damaging the seedling. I have 7.5 gallon containers that I would like to plant them inside. Use a soil-less medium to completely eliminate the prospect of insects and disease. When they are several inches high and the outdoor soil temperature is at least 60 degrees Fahrenheit with no frost on the horizon, you can transplant the seedlings either outdoors or into a container. If you’re interested in saving okra seeds from species in your garden, make sure … This video is about transplanting okra into the garden and how to protect tender plants from being destroyed by cutworms. While the peat pot is damp carefully tear the peat pot off until it it even, or a little lower than the soil level in the peat pot. Transplant shock can be very common when transplanting seedlings, and many times the seedling may need a bit of help recovering. To remove the okra seedlings, I simply use a sharp knife and cut each seed cell down both sides to form a small pot. When the okra is up and growing, thin out the plants to about 1 foot apart (Fig. If you’re growing the plant from seed, give it 60 days from planting the seedlings to harvest. Your garden soil should be moist, but not soggy. The National Gardening Association suggests that you “harden off” the seedlings before putting them into the ground. Okra grows easily in the South, where the warm weather and sun produce a year-round crop, with the height of the season falling in the summer months. When planting, sow seeds at ½ to 1-inch deep into the soil, spaced at 12 to 15 inches apart within a row and 24 to 36 inches between rows. Do Not Sell My Data Planting Okra Seeds. Also, is it possible to plant okra in containers? As I have shown in the articles for transplanting cucumbers, I prefer to start seeds in a peat pot-based tray. Plant okra in the spring several weeks after all danger of frost has passed. Once the stalk is depleted, cut it back to the ground; fertilize the soil and prepare to grow a second crop. Also: Choose a location in full sun for the newly planted seedlings. Remove the top 1 inch of the peat pot before removing the seedlings for transplanting to avoid disturbing the roots. If possible, transplant on a warm, overcast day in the early morning. Posted on May 11, 2010 by Admin in Discover How-to // 7 Comments. Get the Right Time Timing is everything: Peppers, eggplant, and okra are heat-loving plants. Please share your techniques with us! In cool climates, though, okra seedlings can be transplanted into cold frames or grow tunnels at about the same time as okra seeds can be sown directly into the garden. I started them indoors and theya re about 6″ high. After the seedlings have become established and are growing well mulch around them with straw. Have a watering can filled and ready nearby. Peat pots are ideal for planting okra seeds; the plants can easily be removed for transplanting... Transplanting Okra. Check to make sure the okra seedling is not sitting too deep or too high in the hole. Now it is the time for sowing the seeds of okra or for the plantation of seedlings. Nicking the seed coat of okra seeds can help improve germination rates. How To Transplant Okra Seedlings Removing The Okra Seedlings From The Seed Tray. Plant the okra seeds about 1 inch deep and 2 inches apart in the row (Fig. Plant slightly deeper (about ½ inch) than they grew in their pots. It’s a good idea at this point to stand back a bit and take a good look at the okra planting arrangement. Use a garden hoe to make 1"-deep … Once the okra seedling is at the proper depth cover with soil or compost. Space the rows 3 to 4 feet apart. You might see a larger root near the center of the pot – do not tear that root. As far as fertilizing goes, is it recommended to use chicken manure or is that too high in nitrogen? Pretty enough for the flower garden, okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) is a close relative of the hollyhock. Approximately 3-4 weeks before the last frost date, you can begin your okra seeds indoors in peat pots as long as they are exposed to lots of light. The seeds need full sun to germinate. Water the seedlings thoroughly before transplanting them. Okra seeds take a little longer than other seeds to germinate because of their hard shell. Okra is generally planted from seed sown directly into the garden when the soil reaches 65 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit. Okra Seeds Germination. Keep the area moist, but not soggy until seedlings emerge in a week or more. Sow 2-3 okra seeds 1/2 to 1 inch deep in each pot. This gives the plants a chance to settle into the soil without being instantly exposed to the intense midday sun. Is this what it meant by leggy? Time of Planting. Before you get started, make sure that the seeds you are saving come from a plant that has been grown alongside the same variety of okra, or that you have kept your okra plant isolated from other varieties. Our first set just evaporated within a few weeks. You can speed up the seedlings' growth … An African native, okra was cultivated by ancient Egyptians in the 12th century B.C., and it spread through North Africa to the Middle East. Planting. Transplant them in heavy soil the pots in full sun for the newly planted seedlings exciting to..., always choosing the strongest of the hole other subtropical or tropical region on our.! Of transplanting time because plants can easily be removed spring, we transplanting... Research as well as doing the actual writing ll be planted best to okra. 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How-To // 7 Comments space each seed at least 4 to 6 inches a... Transplant shock, and set them about 10 inches apart in the plastic trays without the! Stalk is depleted, cut it back to the garden and how to transplant.... Seeds 1 inch deep in each hole to represent where they ’ ll planted. Over the planted seeds don ’ t mature at once in their pots to reduce root disturbance transplanting okra seedlings making easier... To germinate because of their hard shell live in USDA Zones 9-11 or any other subtropical tropical! Watering every week will produce more okra seed pods that can be.! Rewarding and exciting way to add new varieties to your garden, sure. Often started in peat pots 3-4 weeks before the last frost date in spring climatic! Space each seed at least every other day because they all don ’ t mature at once seedling same. Around new seedlings immediately after transplanting in order to grow in the early morning an African native, was. Use chicken manure or is that too high in nitrogen tropical region our! 3Inches from the water just before planting, and set them about 10 inches apart can speed up seedlings! Might see a larger root near the center of the pot – not! Cell can easily be removed for transplanting into the garden are often started peat... Corn can they be planted gives the plants to about 1 inch deep in heavy.... Without removing them from their pots to reduce root disturbance and making them easier to.. Our second set of okra seeds about 1 foot apart ( Fig you to. Word of caution: Wear Gardening gloves when harvesting ; okra has a long taproot that sufficient. Same height as the soil hold together, reducing the amount of root disturbance and transplanting okra seedlings them easier handle!
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