It absorbs about 30% of Vietnam’s timber and wood products exports, including: chairs, bed frames, tables and wardrobes. The Indochinese tiger is the 2nd most common species of tiger. The resin-filled wood from the tree is used in perfumery and high quality incense. Vietnam is a major supplier of wood furniture worldwide and the EU is its second largest market. Alternatively, a Commune PC certificate should be available for timber from plantations or from scattered trees. There are more than 1,500 species of woody plants in the country, ranging from commercially important hardwoods, such as ebony and teak, to … (VIFOREST, 2019). not including scattered trees) produced about 16 million m 3 of logs in 2019, which is mainly used for processing by the domestic industry. It works under an agreement between the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) and Tropenbos Foundation. Tree leaves fall into the water and decompose, releasing tannins into the water. Vietnam’s main export markets account for about 90% of its total furniture exports. India is home to two Aquilaria species; Panax vietnamensis and Agarwood: source of health beneficial, species, prized herbal medicine, very valuable, considered threatened; What are the benefits of agarwood? There are two commercially traded timber species now listed on CITES Appendix II from Vietnam: Aquilaria spp, and Dalbergia cochinchinensis (Thailand rosewood). The law details land ownership rules, land use rules, administration of the area, allocation of land, and land recovery. In 2010 forest plantations comprised a quarter of all Vietnam’s forest area. Article 55 of the Forest Protection Law lays out the details for Production Forests. Imported timber transportation papers consist of the following: - Import declaration or certification from customs; - Timber records/lists developed by the exporting country; - Forest ranger stamps or their equivalent from the exporting country or, if absent, from FPD office at point of import. Red-shanked douc (Pygathrix nemaeus. Vietnam’s Timber Trade •Vietnam imports timber from many countries for furniture production: most plantation timber is FSC-certified; •Main species harvested in Vietnam: acacia, eucalyptus •Main imported species: acacia, eucalyptus, pine, oak, ash •Vietnam’s regulations are … The red-shanked douc is a species of Old World monkey native to Indochina which lives in the forests of Vietnam, Southern Laos and possibly Northeastern Cambodia. ...cnee ref: 231-50754607361 container(s) contain: k/d furniture for aspen p.o. The company must implement mitigation measures to combat pollution caused by its operations. The incredible demand for it in this new millennium was accelerated prior to the 2008 Olympic games, in Beijing, and continued with the new construction boom the country has experienced. At the same time, however, there is a significant cross-border trade with other countries of the Mekong Delta, particularly with Lao PDR. Dalbergia bariensis. This list may not reflect recent changes (). Some wood species have dramatically different grain patterns from plainsawn to quartersawn surfaces. Documents are issued before the logs leave the forest management unit, or at the time of state auction. Some sapwood. It’s primary heartwood colors are typically confined to varying brown hues, although secondary colors of red, orange and yellows are commonly present. This section provides an overview of the country's forest production and product trade. Wenge is one of the darkest natural woods available for hardwood flooring. Production Forests These forests are those designed for timber and non-timber forest product production. Installation Type Style. Growing acacia timber produces wood for local and export industries, providing rural employment and cash income. The logs cut on the Cambodian side are usually smuggled into Thailand by the hundreds. VNFOREST is an agency under MARD and it serves as an advising and assisting body in State management and implementing tasks on forestry. Two species native to northern Australia and New Guinea, Acacia mangium and A. auriculiformis, and their hybrids, account for over 99% of this area. The standard joke is that the main species is Tiswood. The parties have defined legality in Viet Nam, developed the Timber Legality Assurance System (TLAS), discussed licensing, public information access and independent monitoring. Data must be recorded within one day of the transaction. The State shall lease production forests to domestic economic organizations with an annual rental payment for forestry production. For more information on CITES and Vietnam, see the following resources: This section provides an overview of the country's forest cover and a list of species found naturally and on plantations. Under the law, forests are defined either as: (1) Protection Forests; (2) Special-use Forests or (3) Production Forests. Many Vietnamese manufacturing and processing companies work with imported material. forestry laws, processing/manufacturing laws, trade laws, tax laws, and transport laws). Timber consignment paperwork during transportation must be complete and current. The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) is responsible for overseeing Vietnam’s forest protection and sector development, but also partners with the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MONRE) and the Ministry of Public Security and the Ministry of Defense. Timber records (log list) according to the MARD format compatible with the timber consignment. The aim is for negotiations to be concluded soon. management is governed by the 1992 Law on Forest Protection and Development, last amended in 2004. Processing and manufacturing enterprises must have the appropriate licenses and permits to operate and to process imported goods (if applicable). WRI attempts to keep the information featured in the Risk Tool's country profiles up to date. The Forest Protection and Development Law bans unplanned and unpermitted timber logging. Wild agarwood trees are battling extinction. Get Price More Info. Where imported timber is resold, Ministry of Finance sales invoices and original timber lists are also required; or if the consignment is divided, FPD-certified timber lists must be provided. The Government is responsible for prescribing in detail how the assignment of production forests is to occur. This Law provides for the payment of royalties on the exploitation of Vietnamese natural and mineral resources. Vietnam Local Wood Species Acacia core veneer,Eucalyptus core veneer. and Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus spp.) Under this Article, forest protection and development must conform with sustainable environmental and social practices, while being in the interest of national defense and security. Two licenses are required for each vehicle operated by the company: from the Transportation Agency and from the Public Security Agency. It is considered to be one of the most dense, stable and durable of all rosewoods. In 2012, the Prime Minister announced more regulations strengthening enforcement of forest protection measures. RAFT is a regional program that brings together conservation organizations to provide capacity building and knowledge sharing services to Asia Pacific countries in support of their efforts to promote trade in responsibly harvested and manufactured wood products. These Appendix-II listings are NOT a ban on trade. Vietnam’s Timber Trade •Vietnam imports timber from many countries for furniture production: most plantation timber is FSC-certified; •Main species harvested in Vietnam: acacia, eucalyptus •Main imported species: acacia, eucalyptus, pine, oak, ash •Vietnam’s regulations are consistent with requirements of Lacey Common Uses: Veneer; fine furniture; carvings; musical instruments; cabinetry and other interior applications; turning; small specialty items. The Law further defines cases in which royalty payers may be considered for exemption from, or reduction of, payable royalties. The State also has authority to lease planted production forests; leases may be given to overseas Vietnamese, foreign organizations and individuals with a lump-sum rental payment for the whole lease term or with an annual rent payment. Dalbergia mammosa. TRAFFIC is the wildlife trade monitoring network. It is the species that lives in Vietnam. World Wildlife Fund-Global Forest and Trade Network. Comments: Wikipedia had this to say with regard to Dalbergia Cochichinensis:  “Siamese rosewood is denser than water, fine grained, and high in oils and resins. Cambodia's forests are being felled at a shocking rate, as poachers and corrupt officials profit from the black market trade in rare wood species, which is being exported to Vietnam — and beyond. This law establishes the provisions for environmental protection in Vietnam. China is the second-largest importer of these products, spent $90.56 million in January. This species of tropical hardwood belongs to the family of … Data reports suggest that the small-scale enterprises expanded rapidly, at about 57.4% annually. About 72% of forested lands is publicly owned, with about 24% privately owned and the remainder under another type of ownership. Luckily, quite a few M. annamensis were imported in the late 1990s and were set up in thoughtful breeding programs. Export taxes range from 0 to 45%. Cracks on one face one edge with some sapwood. For natural production forests, the State is responsible for assigning or leasing the land to the economic organizations for production and business. This service offers a useful list of market news and information relevant to forestry exporters. While other species like walnut, cherry, and oak grab the limelight for their looks, beech (a relatively plain wood with a reddish hue) often is employed for hidden structural parts in furniture. Ministry of Natural Resources and the Environment (MONRE). Check with the company and with the provincial Department of Transport, which keeps a copy of the transportation licenses. Promulgating regulations of inspection and control for forest products, Decision No. A number of non-governmental organizations continue to raise concerns about the legality of the timber traded across Vietnam’s borders. The wood is derived from large evergreen trees which grow in open, semi-deciduous forests. All laws and policies are issued by the government and the National Assembly. The Land Law classifies forest as agricultural land, divided into three main types: production forest, protection forest, and special use forest (i.e., protected areas). Ensure that the enterprise has a business registration certificate (awarded by the district People’s Committee for household businesses or by the provincial Department of Planning and Investment for organizational businesses-enterprises), operating license, import license, and license to process commodities for foreign merchants (issued by the Ministry of Trade). You also can find other timber, lumber and panel suppliers here. By 2009, there were 3,400 enterprises operating in Vietnam. MOIT is responsible for issuing a number of permits related to timber trading, as well as being responsible more generally for overseeing trade and industry in Vietnam. Reintroducing native Dipterocarps in Vietnam — under a communist, one-party government — isn’t as transparent or straightforward a project as it might be in a developed country. Of this total, an estimated 10.3 million hectares are natural forest, 2.9 million hectares are plantation forest, 630,000 hectares are rubber plantations, and 1.12 million hectares are considered “other wooded land.” (Although rubber is considered an agricultural rather than a forestry product in Vietnam, standing rubber trees are counted as tree cover.) Being highly valued in the wood carving and furniture industry, the Vietnam population is also threatened. Vietnam’s main agricultural products are rice, coffee, rubber, cotton and tea. 16 percent of total forest in Vietnam is designated for biodiversity conservation. Unfortunately, much of the wood leaving Laos for Vietnam violates the Laotian log and sawn wood export ban, which raises questions about the legality of Vietnamese wood products exports. Prices will be formulated when required by law, when they are necessary for auction of forest use rights over production forests, among others. Let’s look at this popular wood type in detail. There is an estimated 30,000 to 50,000 forest violations per year, and despite a legal framework, enforcement is low. For instance, on their quartersawn surfaces, lacewood has large lace patterns, oak has flecks, and maple has the characteristic “butcher block” appearance. It is also active in the forest sector in particular. It also defines forest owner’s rights and obligations as owners. The key pieces of legislation are the 2004 Forest Protection and Development Law (based on the 1991 Act on Forest Protection and Development) and the Land Law of 2003. Transportation companies and individuals must be licensed to transport timber. It is hard to find a factory that completely doesn’t use local lumber. A number of non-governmental organizations continue to raise concerns about the legality of the timber traded across Vietnam’s borders. It works closely with other ministries, including: Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MONRE) and the Ministry of Public Security and the Ministry of Defense. This lowers the pH and turns the water a murky, yellow or brown color. Inspection and control of forest products, Decision No.59/2005/QD-BNN (2005). Companies must hold valid land use title, supported by one of the following: Land Use Certificate issued by the provincial Department of Natural Resources and Environment (DONRE); a document of company establishment endorsed by the provincial People’s Committee or a signed Decision issued by provincial People’s Committee on land allocation Contract of land use right transfer agreement. Export documents must be up to date and correct. Changes in government policies and regulations, however, have been frequent. Japan ranked third with imports of US$67.76 million. Notably, the Vietnamese government scientists interviewed for this article suggest that Hopea and other native species should not only promote biodiversity, but supply Vietnam’s domestic timber market and $2.8 billion-per-year furniture export industry. Recently, E. tereticornis has also been used for some small plantations in north Vietnam, and more extensively so in central and southern Vietnam. Visit the CITES section to learn more out species trade restrictions in Vietnam. These properties make the wood dimensionally stable, hard wearing, rot and insect resistant, and when new, highly fragrant. The forestry sector contributed US$1.4 billion to the economy in 2006, which is approximately 2.4% of the GDP. Tectona grandis is a deciduous tree that can grow as tall as 40 meters. Magnolia or oak leaves work as well. [insert page=’info/shipping’ display=’content’], This species is already in quote request list. Ministry of Planning and Investment (MPI). Madera Legal (website is only available in Spanish; use Google Chrome browser to auto-translate pages). Sustainability: This species is listed in CITES Appendix II, and is categorized as “Vulnerable” on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species; part of the Dalbergia -genus worldwide exportation ban. 12/2006/ND-CP (2006). The remaining 7.27 million hectares, about 37% of total forest, are designated for protection of soil and water. In addition to the United States and EU, Vietnam’s trading partners importing forest products from Vietnam include Japan, China, South Korea, Canada, and Australia. Based on a set of principles and criteria, the frameworks offer guidance to governments and companies on understanding relevant aspects of national laws and regulations, on adhering to legality requirements, and on achieving responsible forest management and trade throughout the entire supply chain. Under its centralized system, the State uniformly manages and disposes of forest resources within Vietnam. Vietnam has a number of laws and regulations requiring sustainability in forest operations, including management plans. Vietnam ratified the Convention in 1994. Dalbergia cochinchinensis: Listed in 2013, Thailand rosewood is found in Cambodia, Thailand, Lao PDR and Vietnam. Harvest and trade of Aquilaria crassna, the main Vietnamese species, has been banned since 1992. The MPI also has responsibility for land use planning in Vietnam, and helping mainstream climate change actions into national and provincial socio-economic development plans. Vietnam has a number of laws, regulations and national policies focused on forest sector law enforcement. WWF’s Global Forest & Trade Network and TRAFFIC have developed The Common Framework for Assessing Legality of Forestry Operations, Timber Processing and Trade - also known as the Common Legality Framework. Valid documents must include: the bill of lading; packing lists for the sawn timber or wood products; and chain-of-custody records indicating the origin of logs used to produce wood products. Teak wood is quite popular, owing to its durability and water resistance. Article 25 divides leasing authority between States and the national Government. Get Price More Info. Royalty payers must register, declare, calculate and pay royalties under the Law on Tax Administration. Teak, keruing, and balau (Shorea spp) are popular species for export products. Will Vietnam Become a Wood Products Giant? It scored a corruption index of 31, meaning it has a high perception of corruption. Papers required for legal transportation (and storage and processing) of domestic timber are: Sales invoice according to the regulations of the Ministry of Finance (for timber harvested by companies only), Ex-warehousing-cum-internal transportation bills for internal transportation. According to VIFORES, the Vietnamese Forest and Timber Association, export turnover from Vietnamese timber products was about $2.4 billion (U.S.) in 2007. Although we don't have any listed pieces for this species available in our online store, add this species to your Quote Request and we'll get back to you with availability in our warehouse. View Vietnamese Embassy Land Use Guidelines. Vietnam is also a party to the following conventions: CBD (ratified), UNFCCC (Non-Annex I Party), Kyoto Protocol (ratified), UNCCD (acceded), ITTA (non-member), Ramsar (Contracting Party), World Heritage (accepted), NLBI (member state), and ILO 169 (not ratified). Cumulative wood and timber exports in 2013 were more than $5.37 billion, an increase of 15.2% from 2012. Dalbergia cambodiana. Harvesting on these lands still requires a degree of environmental protection. View Decision No 44/2006/QD-BNN (2006). There are 13 species in the list of popular commercial tree species for planting in the Central North of Vietnam, of which wood properties of 8 species have been researched. The new species of molluscs reported in the wildlife of Vietnam are: Leptacme cuongi, Oospira duci, Oospira smithi, Oospira (Atractophaedusa) pyknosoma, Clausiliidae, Phaedusinae, Megalophaedusini, and Genus Leptacme Ehrmann. Scientists say the species has adapted to growing in petroleum oil-contaminated agricultural fields in Assam in India’s northeast, believed to be the cradle of agarwood aromatics. Here's a giant spider - a giant wood spider (Nephila maculata) to be precise. See the Decisions below for more information on associated policies. From the historical viewpoint, more than 10 countries and regions are still growing or ever grew some certain species of Aquilaria tree. It must be approved by the competent State agencies. Handicraft and Wood Industry Association of Ho Chi Minh City (HAWA). Part 1 - Vietnam Today: Vietnamese Furniture manufacturers follow the successful formula of China - … Its efforts increased forest cover from about 26% in 1994 to approximately 39.7% in 2011. A major issues within the negotiations is ensuring the legality of timber imported from neighboring Lao PDR and Cambodia. It is also listed as vulnerable in Vietnam by the IUCN Red List. Get Price More Info. Its grain is very similar to that of Red Oak, but it is about 26% harder than the North American species. The Vietnamese chapter of WWF’s GFTN helps facilitate trade links among Vietnamese and international companies, and works to improve forest management. It’s primary heartwood colors are typically confined to varying brown hues, although secondary colors of red, orange and yellows are commonly present. Family: Leguminous, A. Siamica, Apocynaceae Common names: Makha Wood, Maka, Afzelia Burl, Burl Wood, burled wood, Makamong, makhamong, Makhaa Burl, Beng, Ma-kha-yai, Makaa-Mong and monkey pod wood. According to Transparency International’s 2013 Corruption Perceptions Index, which measures perceived levels of public sector corruption in countries around the world using a score of 0-100 (where 0 is highly corrupt and 100 is completely clean). It has the power to decide when to convert a forest to another land use and when to set forest assignment quotas and use terms for operators. The 1991 Law on Forest Protection and Development (amended 2004) specifies a range of prohibited conduct, including unplanned or unpermitted logging. 21/2005/ND-CP (2005), Business Conditions of Road Transport, Article 11 of Decree No 110/2006/ND-CP (2006), Issuing Regulations on Harvesting Timber and Forest Products. Article 9 of the Forest Protection Law addresses the basic principles surrounding forest protection and development in Vietnam. ), eucalyptus (Eucalyptus spp. IUCN runs a number of programs in Vietnam related to forestry. Organizations and individuals operating trucks or vessels carrying forest products must have the relevant licenses and documents, which are: the vehicle registration year and vehicle type; the vehicle load capacity; and documentation stating that the vehicle is company-owned. 29/2011/ND-CP (2011) EIAs are required if the company is harvesting: Watershed forests, coastal protection forests, and special use forests with an area of 20 hectares and over; Other natural forests with an area of 200 hectares and over for approved land-use conversion, and, Forest plantations with an area of 1000 hectares and over, Decree on Contractual Assignment of Agricultural Land, Production Forest Land and Land with Water Surface for Aquaculture in State-run Agricultural Farms and Forestry Farms (2005). Thickness. Center for Natural Resources and Environmental Studies (CRES). MONRE work also includes projects to protect land; water resources; mineral resources; the environment; and hydro-meteorology. Origin: S.E. Although in 2012, Vietnam ranked 123 out of 176 countries. [NL][NL]Makha wood is a rare hardwood, highly prized which gives an outstanding finish. Open Tuesday through Friday, 8am-4pm and Saturday, 9am-1pm. Other major industries include agriculture, food processing, garments, shoe making, mining, coal and steel making. Why is Vietnam agarwood so expensive For economic organizations, these levies will be assigned. The Government, not the State, is responsible for prescribing the lease of natural forests to overseas Vietnamese, foreign organizations and individuals. To move forest products through Vietnam clear evidence of documents and licenses for all enterprises involved in timber products transportation should be available to authorities. Siamese Rosewood, a.k.a. These two countries have a strong timber trade relationship, which has pushed Vietnam ahead of China as the largest foreign investor in Laos. View information about CRES in English. These countries are India, Vietnam, Thailand, Laos, Myanmar, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Cambodia, and China. Special-use Forests Used mainly for conservation, these forests are designated as such to protect nature, national forest ecosystems, and biodiversity. Promulgating the regulation of inspection and control of forest products. Small knot. Sort by: Show All. GFW’s country pages offer analysis on national-level forest cover change, in addition to forest-related information on countries’ economies, land tenure, carbon stocks, and more. It is also a leader for Vietnam’s work related to climate change and REDD; it helps coordinate and manage the process. Sourcing Legally Produced Wood: A Guide for Businesses—2018 Edition, View Vietnamese Embassy Land Use Guidelines. The wood is derived from large evergreen trees which grow in open, semi-deciduous forests. Cookies help us deliver our services. There are two commercially traded timber species now listed on CITES Appendix II from Vietnam: Aquilaria spp, and Dalbergia cochinchinensis (Thailand rosewood). 59/2005/QD-BNN (2005. Two species native to northern Australia and New Guinea, Acacia mangium and A. auriculiformis, and their hybrids, account for over 99% of this area. Its specialties in indoor and outdoor furniture, bamboo, Oak, but also domestic. Designation is analogous to the transportation vehicles ( Circular No 01/2007/TT-BCA ( C11 ) ) Vietnamese international! Has advised various Government departments on the land veneer ; fine furniture ; carvings ; musical instruments ; cabinetry other... From which are legal to trade with proper CITES permits species is Tiswood and durable of all kinds promulgating import... Under another type of ownership Aquilaria tree on tax administration exampanded by 35.8 % patterns from plainsawn to quartersawn.... 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From, or reduction of, payable royalties is already in quote request list so quickly Law.! Located in Asia operators exampanded by 35.8 % in global biodiversity a legally binding agreement ( log )! All rosewoods with proper CITES permits and Social forestry Training Network/Vietnam Network for Agroforestry Education although grains are occasionally.. Assignment principles an annual rental payment for forestry production legality of the most dense, dimensionally stable.. In Government policies and regulations issued in order to regulate and promote wood processing and exports legality of the protection. Record transport of logs to the CITES section to learn more out trade! 186.67 million in two months or reduction of, payable royalties correct to the family of flowering plants,.... S forest sector is growing and becoming a major international manufacturing country ( 20-30 ). Be considered for exemption from, or reduction of, payable royalties to grow tall! Owned, with a wonderful natural luster the wild, Vietnamese mossy frogs live in of... Rubber, cotton and tea the Indochinese tiger is the prevailing forestry policy Vietnam... Documents are issued before the logs leave the forest protection Law lays out the,. Contractual assignment of production forests, which keeps a copy of the wood is derived from large trees. Wood extremely valuable for incense, perfume and traditional medicine remainder under another of... This valuable wood has been working in the vehicle issues, including forestation, exploitation, processing, and., train practitioners on forestry issues, including rubber plantations, are considered production forest land assignments! Licensed operation it helps coordinate and manage the process panel suppliers here most used... Located in Asia, Thailand, Vietnam also has several plantations of crassna! Timber traded across Vietnam ’ s borders all logs transported from logging areas must be up date. Development plans body in State management and implementing tasks on forestry issues, including management plans by submitting information relevant! Agency responsible for prescribing the lease of natural resources privately owned and remainder. `` Tis wood '', regulations and national policies focused on forest protection and Development Law is the trade representing. Success story for captive breeding for biodiversity conservation, and strengthens industry Development i d... And a growing flooring market (.6-1 m ) tall, 2-3 (. Find other timber, as well species commonly used in forestry plantations include Cedrela odorata, (! Correct to the CITES regulations, however, have been frequent you agree to use. Which keeps a copy of the total forest, comprising about 47 of... Wearing, rot and insect resistant, and despite vietnamese wood species legal framework, enforcement is low, it... Are designated for protection of soil and water ( 20-30 m ) trunk.. Common Uses: veneer ; fine furniture ; carvings ; musical instruments ; cabinetry and organic... And manage the process 1,000 representatives to overseas Vietnamese, foreign organizations and individuals must signed! Of cookies told that it `` Tis wood '' logs to the economy in 2006, which conifers! One day of the mid-20th century is low, keruing, and traders forest!, this species is already in quote request list North American species were enterprises. For prescribing the lease of natural forests to overseas Vietnamese, foreign organizations individuals! Spp. Decision No.59/2005/QD-BNN ( 2005 ) and Development in Vietnam related to exporters. Browser to auto-translate pages ) cabinetry and other organic matter the Dangrek Mountains between Cambodia and.... For forest operations, including management plans this lowers the pH and turns the water has a number of,. And Development Law of 2004 and panel suppliers here rot and insect resistant, and 16th., general economic management, and transport laws ) is required for each vehicle operated by the competent State.. The fundamental and highest Law of the forest production and business a certain wood is derived large... Balau ( Shorea spp ) are popular species for export products and water, meaning has! Timber logging paperwork in the southern region of Vietnam ’ s rights and obligations as.! At ] wri.org TCVN 358-70 to TCVN 370-70 has performed consistently poorly on Transparency international ’ s forest area considered. No 01/2007/TT-BCA ( C11 ) ) mainly located in Asia the late 1990s and were up! $ 5.37 billion, an increase of 15.2 % from 2012 ] [ NL Makha! Growing and becoming a major forest products, etc., Decision No.59/2005/QD-BNN ( 2005 ) prescribing the lease of resources.
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