The Biafran War took place from July 1967 till January 1970, was an ethnic and political conflict caused by the attempted secession of the southeastern provinces of Nigeria as … More than a million people were killed in Nigeria's brutal civil war, also known as the Biafran war. Also known as the Biafran War, the Nigerian civil war began in July 1967 and ended in January 1970. The Nigerian Civil war was the culmination of a series of events set off by a seething keg of gun powder lit on fire by the selfish ambition of a few men with more zeal than foresight. 2. The Nigerian civil war became unavoidable in 1967 after the leader of Biafra, Col. Ojukwu declared the state’s (Biafra) sovereignty. The three-year war may have ended in 1970, but the effects of the war linger and there are still calls being made for secession of the country's oil-rich southeastern region, where the Igbo people live. During the course of the war, the Biafran Army had to build its own arms, ammunition and armoured vehicles. It is exactly 50 years today that the Nigerian civil war, otherwise known as the Biafran war ended. With the Nigerian civil war there were saints and sinners, and there were heroes and traitors. If Nigeria would stand as one Nation, the Head of State, Gen Yakubu Gowon, was left no choice than declare war on Biafra. Realising that the situation was a hopeless one, Ojukwu handed over the administration of Biafra to the Commander Biafran Army Maj. Gen. Phillip Effiong. circa 1968: Nigerian men wear camouflage and hold their rifles as they move through the wilderness, during Nigeria's Biafran civil war. The war was a political and ethnic conflict that occurred when the Nigerian Eastern region proclaimed themselves as the Republic of Biafra. Nigeria fought against Biafra to counter their secession from the Republic of Nigeria. It's 50 years since the start of the Biafran war, one of Africa's bloodiest post-independence conflicts. 10. Yet it led to the birth of the NGO Doctors without Borders / Médecins sans frontières and equipped journalists with the intercultural skills they later used in their coverage of other African conflicts. I was a form four student in Government College, Keffi, and we had just reported back to school after the end of the year holidays. What was the Nigerian conflict about and why does it still matter today? I recall those days in mid-January 1970 when the war ended. The Nigerian Civil War, between the self-declared secessionist nation of Biafra and the independent nation of Nigeria, began on 30 May 1967 and ended on 12 January 1970. the nigerian civil war causes, strategies and lessons learnt The Nigerian civil war, popularly known all over the world as the "Biafran War" was fought from 2 July 1967 to 15 January 1970. Members of the Igbo tribe rebelled in 1967, demanding a separate Republic of Biafra. To many southerners, the coup was a welcome end to northern domination. The deaths of more than a million people in Nigeria as a result of the brutal civil war which ended exactly 50 years ago are a scar on the nation's history. Causes Of Conflict *On that day in Dodan Barracks, a brutal 920-day civil war ended as former colleagues and combatants who had engaged each other in bitter warfare for over two and a half years embraced each other with unprecedented speech and warmth. It is now some fifty years since the Nigerian civil war ended. The Nigerian civil war, also known as the Biafran war which started on the 6 th of July 1967 and ended on 15th of January 1970, was a war fought by Nigeria against Biafra to counter the secession of Biafra from the Republic of Nigeria. The Igbo-dominated Eastern States have been struggling for peace and freedom necessary for development since the Civil War ended in 1970. To many Northerners meanwhile, it seemed a prelude to the Igbo domination they had long feared. 10 Lesser Known Facts of the War nigeriaintel.com 1. Even at that time we are talking about 350,000 soldiers who were conscripted into the Nigerian Armed Forces to fight the Civil War. The war officially ended on January 15, 1970, when the separatist Biafra led by the late Chukwuemeka Odumegwu-Ojukwu finally surrendered to the Nigerian government led by then Head of State, Gen. Yakubu Gowon. The Nigerian Civil War also known as the Biafran war started in the early hours of July 6, 1967, and ended on January 15, 1970. This chapter addresses three sets of issues: the primary causes of the Nigerian civil war; its duration and the aftermath; and the risk of recurrence. How the war ended. 2017 Theses Doctoral. The Nigerian Civil War which broke out on 6 July 1967 and lasted until January 15, 1970, was the culmination of an uneasy peace and instability that had plagued the Nation from independence in 1960. Background Of The Nigerian Civil War. The consequences are stultifying of political, social and economic development. In fact, at the end of the Nigerian Civil War, the population of the Nigerian military was so large. Thursday January 15, 2009 marked the 39 th anniversary of the end of the Nigerian civil war. Forging the Biafran State: Law and Crime in the Nigerian Civil War, 1967-1976. Today, that civil war and its consequences are at the center of a fierce debate. The war may have ended 50 years ago, but its effects are far from over. The First Liberian Civil War was an internal conflict in Liberia from 1989 until 1997. And uptill today there is yet no redress of the Igbos. Hello there..! For decades, no mention was made in Nigeria of the Biafran War that began 50 years ago, on July 6, 1967. Four of the five majors who led the coup were Igbo Last series, we discussed the 1962-63 census controversies which after all said and done, showed the […] Before it ended on 15th January 1970, millions of civilians from both Nations had lost their lives and properties. The war was a political and ethnic conflict that occurred when the Nigerian Eastern region proclaimed themselves as the Republic of Biafra. 'I looked for death but I couldn't find it,' a Nigerian town relives the brutal civil war, 50 years after it ended By Shayera Dark, for CNN Updated 1108 GMT (1908 HKT) January 16, 2020 Also known as the Biafran War, the Nigerian civil war began in July 1967 and ended in January 1970. 2. 2020 will be tougher, Ohanaeze youths alerts Igbo. Alani Akinrinade, former Chief of Army Staff and Chief of Defense Staff, CDS, has revealed how he and another military officer ended the Biafra civil war that lasted for three years. He then fled with his immediate family to Côte d’Ivoire. Nigerian civil war on May 30, 1967 (St. Jorre, 1972). THE NIGERIAN CIVIL WAR 1 .Sir Hugh Clifford a British colonial administrator, once described Nigeria as ” a collection of Independent native states, separated from one another by great distances, difference of history and traditions. This referred to the civil war in Nigeria that ended 50 years ago this month. As stated earlier in the course of this analys is, history is sprinkled with instan ces of civil strifes, or civil wars or The Igbos felt they could no longer relate smoothly with the northern dominated federal government and saw secession as the only way to survive or avoid extinction. How time flies! Max Siollun ( @maxsiollun ) is a Nigerian historian and the author, most recently, of “Nigeria’s Soldiers of Fortune.” First, it is exactly 50 years today since the Biafra-Nigerian Civil War ended on 13 January 1970. Background Of The Nigerian Civil War. The Effects? The Nigerian Civil war started In !967 and ended three years later which 1970 marked the end of that horrific extermination of the igbos. The resurrection of the clamour for secession five decades since the civil war is simply the result of serial leadership failure in Nigerian politics. 10 Lesser Known Facts of the War 1. Biafran forces were finally routed in a series of engagements in late December 1969 and early January 1970. Daly, Samuel Fury Childs. According to Amadi, “the Nigeria civil war is the best example of a civil war that ended without open post-war recrimination…[After the war] the Ibos grew influential, although still marginalized and repressed, largely due to the permissible environment of the policy of ‘no victor no vanquished.’” Even then the Civil War was not actually won through warfare. The Nigerian Civil War, 1967-1970 (also known as the Biafran War) has been described as a ‘forgotten war’. This dissertation brings together the history of law in postcolonial Nigeria with the history of the Nigerian Civil War (1967-1970), analyzing how wartime violence shaped crime and the ethics surrounding it. 305 videos Play all Nigerian History - Coups, Civil War, Military Rule Adeyinka Makinde George Foreman vs Muhammad Ali - Oct. 30, 1974 - Entire fight - Rounds 1 - 8 & Interview - … Here are the top ten facts about the Nigerian civil war I think you should know about. 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